I like to read around 5 main fields. A startling thing I’ve noticed is that the prevailing paradigms usually appear to be based on incorrect assumptions:
– Training for hypertrophy/strength
– Nutrition for body composition
– Learning and memory
– Religion and spirituality
– Personal finance
Nutcases, we salute you
There’s an unwillingness to change, to shift to a new paradigm. The early adopters are considered crazy, then the masses follow much later. It’s a delayed process: a well known concept in product innovation and technology adoption:
If someone told you in 1995 that TV and newspapers would crash and burn in a decade you’d look at them funny.
or death of the physical book.
or online dating.. no longer exclusively for creepbags.
Posting our family photo albums publicly?
Or that best friends could sit together in a room in silence for hours absorbed in their phones…
The same thing happens with ideas: the innovators and early adopters are the weirdos until it becomes commonplace. The earth isn’t round. Don’t be silly.
Memory recall is produced from the base elements of the brains analytical system. Images are generated upon request from a stimulus via the principle of resonance (adding energy to a system at a given frequency increases amplitude of that frequency).
Teaching unconnected facts by rote does not account for a fundamental principle of memory that it is impossible to learn pure data in isolation without an association. As a result, things are learned by attrition with a low success rate. Therefore the ‘attrition’ approach effectively causes learning by accident, where the raw data is inadvertently associated with a sound, the phonological loop of the words, or some other incidental circumstance that coincided with the learning event.
4 – Religion & spirituality
A debatable metric to use, but at least a measurable one: Happiness.
Assuming the goal of religion is to make humans happier through union with God, then it doesn’t appear to produce a clear advantage in the data . In some cases using religion as a coping mechanism is associated with higher levels of depressive symptoms.
Perhaps this explains the murkiness of the data. The amount of religiously motivated violence in the world relates to an extrinsic focus, suggesting someone maybe misheard the instructions along the way.
So it seems like there is a missing link, distinct from religious ‘belief’ or ritual alone.
It’s no coincidence that ‘the world’s happiest man’ Mathieu Ricard is a Buddhist monk
The happiest people, the enlightened characters  often sing the same tune: that anthropomorphising a deity is literalising what the holy men of history have tried in vain to communicate. “The map is not the territory”.
“Truth has nothing to do with words. Truth can be likened to the bright moon in the sky. Words, in this case, can be likened to a finger. The finger can point to the moon’s location. However, the finger is not the moon. To look at the moon, it is necessary to gaze beyond the finger, right?” – Huineng
Eastern philosophies, including Hindu, Buddhist, Taoist and Sufi approaches, are sophisticated and elegant. They can provide, particularly for the Western mind, powerful new tools to deconstruct or reconstruct the heavily-conditioned mind into a more holistic model and potentially even to transcend it completely. Unfortunately, what often results is yet another religion with rigidified beliefs, certainties and practices far from the understanding of its founder(s). It does, however, provide many opportunities for new, exciting and endless philosophical discussions. Philosophy can be a great ally on the path to awakening, but it can be a terrible master. – Gary Weber
They consistently state that doctrine is a pointer to encourage introspection and meditation to cultivate our own happiness. So in my opinion, intrinsic focus is the missing link between happiness and religion. Something critical to well-being, yet missed by the majority.
5) Personal finance
– Live for payday, maybe even go for a payday loan at 2000% APR
– Multiple credit cards, maxed out
– Buy your car on finance
– Always looking for a pay rise
– Salary as the main source of income
– Invest in actively managed mutual funds, chosen by a financial advisor, got to leave it to the experts ey?
What the data suggests:
– In the long run, 86% of actively managed funds underperform their benchmark before fees. The ones that do outperform the benchmark often erode profits with fees. I’ve worked for a fund manager – can confirm it’s a very labour intensive process operationally to run. Management fees bleed away returns.
A typical credit card charges 18% APR. Find an asset that pays you 18% and I’ll give you a million pounds. (lol if you find that, you won’t need the million pounds).